Tag Archive | "Hartford Census 2010"

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Census: Latino, Asian Population Soars 43 Percent Across U.S.

The Hartford Guardian’s Focus on Census 2010

NAM News Report, Nina Martin

AMERICA NOW— One in six Americans—more than 50 million people—are Latino, according to new Census data released Thursday, highlighting a dramatic shift in the U.S. population over the past decade that is changing the face of the nation far more quickly than many experts had predicted.

The Latino population soared by 43 percent from 2000 to 2010, accounting for more than half of the overall U.S. population gain, the Census Bureau reported. The increase was most striking in Southern states that have not traditionally had large Latino communities, such as Georgia, Kentucky, Alabama, North Carolina and Louisiana. But heavily Latino states such as Nevada, Arizona, Texas and California saw sharp increases as well.

The growth rate for Asians matched that of Latinos, though they make up a much smaller segment of the overall U.S. population. The percentage of blacks across the U.S. held steady, while the proportion of white Americans declined.

In 2010, Latinos accounted for 16 percent of the 309 million people in the U.S.. Asians made up 5 percent and African Americans 12 percent. More than 9 million people checked two or more race categories on the 2010 census form, up 32 percent from 2000. Some 3 percent of the U.S. population now identifies as multi-racial.

Latino Estimates Exceeded in 40 States

The growth of the Latino population exceeded estimates in 40 of the 50 states, the Census Bureau said. Seven states would have lost population if it weren’t for Hispanics, whose numbers increased mainly because of high immigration and birth rates.

This past decade was the first since the 1960s when the number of Latino births surpassed the number of immigrants, according to Jeffrey Passel, a demographer with the Pew Hispanic Center. There were almost 5 million more Latino children in 2010 than in 2000, and more than half the under-18 population in California and New Mexico are Latino.

By contrast, the white population is aging and stagnant. The number of non-Hispanic whites edged up just 1 percent over the past 10 years—and decreased as a proportion of the total U.S. population, from 69 percent to 64 percent. Demographers predicted that that within three decades, Latinos would outnumber white Americans.

Minorities now make up a majority of the population in 10 states and the District of Columbia.

Big Political Battles Ahead

The new Census numbers are likely to have major political repercussions in the coming months and years, as states use the population data to redraw legislative and Congressional districts. The changes will have a direct impact on the House of Representatives, where the number of seats allocated to each state is determined by the size of its population.

The process is expected to be especially contentious this year because many of the states in the South and West that are picking up House seats are Republican-leaning, such as Georgia, Texas, Arizona, and Florida. But most of their growth is being driven by Latinos, who tend to vote Democratic.

The data released Thursday—the first set of national-level findings from the 2010 Census on race and migration—also showed how the population has shifted within the U.S. Americans continued their decades-long migration to fast-growing parts of the Sun Belt and West, pushing the nation’s new center of population roughly 30 miles southwest to a spot near the tiny town of Plato, Missouri.

But among many African Americans, the migration was southward. Blacks abandoned big cities such as Oakland, Chicago, New York and Detroit—whose overall population plunged 25 percent— for the suburbs of cities like Atlanta, Dallas and Houston. Both Michigan and Illinois had their first declines in the black population since statehood.

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Hartford in Jeopardy of Losing Funding

By Yvonne White, Staff Writer

HARTFORD — After almost two years in Hartford, local Census officials in the state’s capital city are hitting the panick button: Hartford is in jeopardy of losing its federal funding.

That’s because the return rate for Hartford’s Census forms is 32 percent, compared to other cities across the state. This rate, officials say, is well below the state  average of 51 percent and the  national average of 50 percent.

In Bridgeport, 35 percent of its households returned census forms.  New Britain has a return rate of 41 percent.  New Haven’s rate is 35 percent and Waterbury’s rate is 41 percent, according to city officials yesterday at a press conference at City Hall.

Local Census Office Manager Russell Hicks displayed a color coded map of Hartford and surrounding towns, which indicated that Hartford, with  orange and red colors, has the most hard to count population. The map is based on Hartford’s 2000 return rate.

According to Councilwoman Veronica Airey-Wilson, most of the areas noted are of  the immigrant population, especially those from the Caribbean who have little understanding of the importance of the Census. Other areas in red are the Frog Hollow section, which has  large Hispanic communities.

Hartford is primarily an immigrant population in which two thirds of its population are  from the English, Spanish and French-speaking Caribbean.

City leaders are concerned that Federal Funding could be in jeopardy if Hartford residents don’t fill out and mail back their 2010 Census forms. 

This weeken, city  council members and local community partners will do a March to the Mailbox campaign to help motivate  residents to fill out  Census forms.                          

Additional reporting by Ann-Marie Adams

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