Tag Archive | "latinos"

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Pew Report: U.S. Deportees Increase, Latinos Vexed


HARTFORD — The number of deportees from the United States has been on the rise and many of these unauthorized removals by President Barack Obama’s administration have been Latinos, according to a report by the Pew Research Center.

By a ratio of more than two-to-one (59 percent versus 27 percent), Latinos disapprove of the way the Obama administration is handling deportations of unauthorized immigrants, according to a new national survey of Latino adults by the Pew Hispanic Center, a project of the Pew Research Center.

Deportations have reached record levels under President Obama, rising to an annual average of nearly 400,000 since 2009, about 30 percent higher than the annual average during the second term of the Bush administration and about double the annual average during George W. Bush’s first term, according to a press release by the center.

More than eight-in-ten (81 percent) of the nation’s estimated 11.2 million unauthorized immigrants are of Hispanic origin, according to Pew Hispanic Center estimates. Hispanics accounted for an even larger share of deportees in 2010—-97 percent.

 

 

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More Latinos in U.S. Identifying as Indian


 A growing number of Latinos in the U.S. are identifying as Amerindians—a term used to identify indigenous people of the Americas. According to U.S. Census Data, the number of both South- and North American-born Latinos who identify as Amerindians has tripled since 2000, to 1.2 million from 400,000. The trend underlies an ongoing debate over how many Latinos can and should identify their ethnic origin.

“There has been an actual and dramatic increase of Amerindian immigration from Latin America,” José C. Moya, a professor of Latin American history at Barnard College, told the New York Times this weekend in a story about more U.S. Latinos identifying as Indians. Moya attributes the increase of Amerindians to immigration over the last two decades from regions with larger indigenous population.

But Carlos Quiroz, a Washington D.C. activist and blogger born in Peru, says the identifying as Hispanic or Latino is innaucurate for most immigrants in the U.S. coming from North and South America. Quiroz developed YouTube tutorial videos discussing how immigrants from Latin America should fill out in the 2010 Census.

“Do not mark Hispanic unless you were born in Spain and all your ancestors are from Spain, you’re not Latino unless you speak Latin or if you’re ancestors are from any Latin country of Europe. Latinos are people of European descent from Southern Europe,” Quiroz said in his video titled “2010 Census: Write in Your True Race.”

“Hispanic is not a race, ” Quiroz told The NY Times this weekend. “Hispanic is not a culture. Hispanic is an invention by some people who wanted to erase the identity of indigenous communities in America.”

Read more here.

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Census: Latino, Asian Population Soars 43 Percent Across U.S.


The Hartford Guardian’s Focus on Census 2010

NAM News Report, Nina Martin

AMERICA NOW— One in six Americans—more than 50 million people—are Latino, according to new Census data released Thursday, highlighting a dramatic shift in the U.S. population over the past decade that is changing the face of the nation far more quickly than many experts had predicted.

The Latino population soared by 43 percent from 2000 to 2010, accounting for more than half of the overall U.S. population gain, the Census Bureau reported. The increase was most striking in Southern states that have not traditionally had large Latino communities, such as Georgia, Kentucky, Alabama, North Carolina and Louisiana. But heavily Latino states such as Nevada, Arizona, Texas and California saw sharp increases as well.

The growth rate for Asians matched that of Latinos, though they make up a much smaller segment of the overall U.S. population. The percentage of blacks across the U.S. held steady, while the proportion of white Americans declined.

In 2010, Latinos accounted for 16 percent of the 309 million people in the U.S.. Asians made up 5 percent and African Americans 12 percent. More than 9 million people checked two or more race categories on the 2010 census form, up 32 percent from 2000. Some 3 percent of the U.S. population now identifies as multi-racial.

Latino Estimates Exceeded in 40 States

The growth of the Latino population exceeded estimates in 40 of the 50 states, the Census Bureau said. Seven states would have lost population if it weren’t for Hispanics, whose numbers increased mainly because of high immigration and birth rates.

This past decade was the first since the 1960s when the number of Latino births surpassed the number of immigrants, according to Jeffrey Passel, a demographer with the Pew Hispanic Center. There were almost 5 million more Latino children in 2010 than in 2000, and more than half the under-18 population in California and New Mexico are Latino.

By contrast, the white population is aging and stagnant. The number of non-Hispanic whites edged up just 1 percent over the past 10 years—and decreased as a proportion of the total U.S. population, from 69 percent to 64 percent. Demographers predicted that that within three decades, Latinos would outnumber white Americans.

Minorities now make up a majority of the population in 10 states and the District of Columbia.

Big Political Battles Ahead

The new Census numbers are likely to have major political repercussions in the coming months and years, as states use the population data to redraw legislative and Congressional districts. The changes will have a direct impact on the House of Representatives, where the number of seats allocated to each state is determined by the size of its population.

The process is expected to be especially contentious this year because many of the states in the South and West that are picking up House seats are Republican-leaning, such as Georgia, Texas, Arizona, and Florida. But most of their growth is being driven by Latinos, who tend to vote Democratic.

The data released Thursday—the first set of national-level findings from the 2010 Census on race and migration—also showed how the population has shifted within the U.S. Americans continued their decades-long migration to fast-growing parts of the Sun Belt and West, pushing the nation’s new center of population roughly 30 miles southwest to a spot near the tiny town of Plato, Missouri.

But among many African Americans, the migration was southward. Blacks abandoned big cities such as Oakland, Chicago, New York and Detroit—whose overall population plunged 25 percent— for the suburbs of cities like Atlanta, Dallas and Houston. Both Michigan and Illinois had their first declines in the black population since statehood.





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New Census Numbers Mean New Responsibilities for Latinos


The Hartford Guardian’s Week-long Focus on Census 2010

La Opinión, Editorial

AMERICA NOW — There are 50 million Latinos in the United States—an enormous number that entails responsibilities, especially for immigrants, who represent a significant percentage of the total.

This fast-growing number also sends a powerful signal to the political establishment that the country’s future is connected to this community’s progress. Today, one out of every six Americans is Latino, as well as one out of every three children. By 2050, an overall racial or ethnic majority will no longer exist, and minorities will become the majority, due in large part to the increase in the Latino population.

Within this context, it is worrisome that members of the Latino community are not ready for a future where they play a central role.

Now is the time to become aware of this reality and obtain the government’s commitment at all levels to strengthening education, so tomorrow’s workforce is prepared to be competitive. A solid health care system is also necessary so young adults stay healthy and become productive citizens who achieve their potential.

President Obama is taking the right steps with the health care reform and a renewed emphasis on education.

Improving the areas of health care and education in the Latino community will have positive effects on society as a whole. To accomplish this, people must stop perceiving Latino immigrants as a threat to be eradicated through deportations, and look beyond the stereotype.

At the same time, Latinos must control their own destiny, as being 50 million strong demands. Otherwise, this number may give them a false, frustrating sense of power because the idyllic dream of Latino unity is unachievable.

The way to start is assuming responsibilities to become active participants of society. For example, by learning English and participating in civic and community events. Immigrants must also respect the local laws and regulations of their new country. They should adapt to their new surroundings rather than wait for everyone to adapt to them.

People who are permanent residents should become citizens and vote, expressing their opinions instead of being anonymous members of a silent majority. Everyone can complain as much as they want, but without solid political participation, complaints have no impact.

The number revealed by the census is a compelling argument for an implicit commitment between government leaders, who have the mission of preparing for the future, and Latinos, who should do everything in their power to be ready for the upcoming years. The destiny of the United States is firmly linked to the future of Hispanics. Recognizing this reality will be a good start.



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Report: Recession Hits Blacks, Latinos, Immigrants Harder


WASHINGTON, D.C. — The current recession is having an especially severe impact on employment prospects for immigrant Hispanics, according to an analysis of the latest Census Bureau data by the Pew Hispanic Center, a project of the Pew Research Center.

The unemployment rate has increased more and the share of the working-age population that is employed has fallen more for immigrant Hispanics than for other racial and ethnic groups in the first year of the recession. Trends in other indicators during the one-year old recession, such as the change in labor force participation or the growth in the number of unemployed persons, also reveal a more severe impact on foreign-born Latinos.

Native-born Hispanics and blacks in the labor market have also felt strong negative effects from the recession. However, changes in the employment rate and other indicators of labor market activity during the recession have been less severe for them than for foreign-born Hispanics.

The report is based on an analysis of the latest data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and Census Bureau.

Estimates are presented for the fourth quarters of 2007 and 2008 encompassing the first year of the ongoing recession.

The report, Unemployment Rises Sharply Among Latino Immigrants in 2008, authored by Rakesh Kochhar, Associate Director for Research, is available at the Pew Hispanic Center’s website, www.pewhispanic.org.

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